Two new cases of the human plague have been confirmed in Santa Fe County, New Mexico, according to health officials.
According to the New Mexico Department of Health, a 52-year-old woman and a 62-year-old woman found out that they contracted plague.
According to health officials, a 63-year-old man was the first confirmed case of the plague in 2017 discovered that he is diagnosed with plague in June.
The three patients, who are of Santa Fe County, were admitted to hospitals but there have been no deaths records till now.
Health officials carried out health investigations around the homes of the patients to make sure there are no infections or risks.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that the annual average of people with plague is around seven cases.
Surprisingly, plague can be treated with antibiotics. Moreover, the patients should receive immediate treatment once the symptoms appear.
The Three Types
The CDC categorizes three types of plague: Bubonic, Septicemic and Pneumonic. The New Mexico DOH did not say which type of plague the patients contracted but shared the symptoms, which are “sudden onset of fever, chills, headache, and weakness… painful swelling of the lymph node in the groin, armpit or neck areas.
“Plague symptoms in cats and dogs are fever, lethargy and loss of appetite. There may be a swelling in the lymph node under the jaw.”
Humans usually catch plague from the bites of infected fleas, but can also but they can catch it from rodents or dead animals.
A state public health veterinarian, Paul Ettestad, told the news service about the various ways with which plague can be transmitted.
“Pets that are allowed to roam and hunt can bring infected fleas from dead rodents back into the home, putting you and your children at risk,” he said.
According to the CDC, people can avoid contracting the plague by avoiding rodent habitat around their homes, treating pets for fleas, and having bug spray when camping or traveling to areas swamped with bugs and fleas.